Vale la pena echarle un ojo:
So you’ve got your brand on social media. You have a Facebook page and Twitter account. Maybe a Pinterest board. But now what? There has to be more to social media than posting coupons and running sweepstakes. How do you drive real customer engagement?
The answer may come not from Silicon Valley or Madison Avenue, but from places like the Trobriand Islands and the Pacific Northwest.
Indigenous cultures developed what anthropologists call gift economies. As observed by Marcel Mauss, Lewis Hyde, and others, gift economies are quite different from the market economies to which we are accustomed.
The concept of gift economies has been used to explain open source software and the Burning Man festival. But it also provides insight into what works — and doesn’t work — with social media, and what brands can do to be more successful in the online arena.
To understand a gift economy, consider the example of moving into a new apartment. When friends help you move, you express your appreciation by providing pizza and beer — really good pizza and beer. When you hire professional movers, you pay with money. Offer your friends money instead of pizza and beer, and they are likely to be offended. Offer to pay the movers in pizza and beer, and they won’t unload the truck. Your friends are operating in a gift economy; the movers in a market economy.
While both market and gift economies are systems of exchange, they differ in three fundamental ways.
1) Context: Transaction or Relationship
In a market economy, the focus is on transactions. In a gift economy, the focus is onrelationships. Trobriand Islanders passed along necklaces and armbands as part of a ritual called the Kula Ring. An item’s value was not determined by supply and demand, or measured by a market price. Instead, its value came from the relationship between the giver and receiver and its meaning in the community.
2) Currency: Financial or Social
In a market economy, people use money as a medium of exchange — a financial currency. In a gift economy, people use social currencies. The purpose of a social currency is not to execute a transaction, but to express a relationship. Social currencies don’t have a price set in the market. In the moving example, pizza and beer are a social currency.
Note that social currencies are not the same as virtual currencies. Facebook “Likes” are social currencies, while Facebook Credits are virtual currencies. There is no price on a Facebook Like, while Facebook Credits have a clear market value.
But just because something has a monetary value doesn’t mean it can’t be a social currency. In the moving example, imagine if one of your friends drove a long way to help you out. It would be entirely appropriate to give your friend some gas money to cover the extra cost. The key point here is that the context is relational, not transactional.
3) Status: Earned or Bought
A tell-tale sign of a gift economy is that status is earned, rather than bought. In the Pacific Northwest, native tribes developed the ritual of the potlatch. Status was given not to those who accumulated the most wealth, but instead to those who gave the most to the community.
On a Google search page, you can see these two worlds of earned and purchased status side-by-side. In the middle of the page, so-called “organic” search results are earned based on a site’s popularity. In contrast, the ads in the top rows and right-hand column are based on how much advertisers have paid for the spot.
Social media are fundamentally gift economies. People are there to cultivate relationships, not conduct transactions. They exchange social currencies, not financial currencies. And status is earned not bought.
This illuminates why many brands are struggling with social media. They have confused market and gift economies. They focus entirely on transactions, buying status, and pushing products and promotions.
Brands that succeed in social media follow the principles of a gift economy. They build relationships, earn status, and create social currencies.
How is your brand doing? Rate yourself with the following simple guide:
1) Build relationships.
• Push out information to drive transactions: Base
• Create relationships with individuals: Better
• Help people create relationships with each other: Best
A brand that that I give a Best rating to in this category is Vail Resorts’ EpicMix, which turns a ski slope into a social game. The experience keeps people connected anywhere on the mountain.
2) Earn status.
• Celebrate your own accomplishments: Base
• Celebrate the accomplishments of others: Better
• Enable people to celebrate each other’s accomplishments: Best
A brand that I give a Best rating to in this category is Nike’s running community, Nike+. If you post to a friend’s Facebook wall during their run, they hear virtual applause through their music player.
3) Create social currencies.
• Focus on discounts and promotions: Base
• Think of your product as a social currency: Better
• Create new social currencies related to your brand: Best
A brand that that I give a Best rating to in this category is Kraft Foods for recognizing recipes as a social currency and engaging customers on the Web, Facebook, Pinterest, and Twitter.
To put these principles into practice, put yourself in the position of your customer and ask yourself the following questions:
• What rituals, traditions, or social conventions involve your product?
• What do people talk about, share or exchange in these activities?
• How might the experience be enhanced with something better or different?
Keep looking until you get an “aha” moment — a social insight you can build on. For Kraft, it was helping people exchange recipes. For Vail Resorts, it was bringing the social experience of the lodge onto the slopes. For Nike, it was enabling runners to bring their friends with them.
Put these insights into practice, and soon your social strategy will start taking off. Begin by contributing to the community and earning trust. Over time, you can mint your own social currencies and cultivate a gift economy. As your customers start connecting with each other, you will generate social gravity that pulls customers into orbit around your brand. The result will be a deep connection with your customers that goes beyond our transactional notions of loyalty.
Tomado de Harvard Business Review
Tener una estrategia en redes sociales ha cobrado una mayor relevancia para una gran diversidad de negocios en todo el mundo. Desde los grandes corporativos multinacionales hasta pequeños comercios locales han logrado, a través de las redes sociales, generar beneficios importantes y comunicarse con sus clientes de una manera dinámica y proactiva.
Sin embargo, es importante remarcar que las redes sociales son sólo una herramienta, no un fin. Son un medio que nos permite acercarnos y comunicarnos con nuestros clientes y por ningún motivo remplazan el valor agregado de nuestro producto.
Así pues, aunque las redes sociales son muy importantes y definitivamente cuentan como un factor imprescindible para mantenerse vigente en un entorno cada vez más digital y competido, deben estar integradas a la organización y aspirar a ser solamente parte de nuestro marketing, comunicación y nuestros recursos.
Dicho lo anterior, quiero dejarles 5 pasos que considero importantes a la hora de desarrollar una estrategia de redes sociales:
DEFINE TUS OBJETIVOS
Debes tener en mente los principales objetivos no para tu programa de redes sociales sino en general para tu organización. Para identificar exitosamente las herramientas y plataformas acordes a las necesidades de tu organización, producto y marca, debes de conocer a donde quieres llegar en el corto, mediano y largo plazo.
De igual forma, conviene definir las oportunidades de marketing más importantes, tales como próximas promociones, ventas, patrocinios, etc. Una visión atinada en tus objetivos te da la ventaja de poder escoger adecuadamente las herramientas y plataformas que más se ajusten a tus necesidades.
CONOCE A TU AUDIENCIA
Esto implica considerar a la gente con la que te quieres comunicar, clarificando las necesidades, percepciones y deseos de tu audiencia, enfocándote en descubrir dónde pasan el tiempo on-line. En la medida que conozcas a tu audiencia lograrás crear contenido de alta resonancia para la misma, confrontar puntos sensibles en aras de construir confianza, generar empatía y posicionarte como una referencia o fuente de contenido importante.
DEFINE EL TEMA GUÍA DE TU ESTRATEGIA
Una vez que has identificado a tu audiencia, debes considerar cuál es el rol que quieres que ellos jueguen contigo. ¿Cuál es el tema de tu campaña o estrategia? Generalmente, se puede reducir a uno de los siguientes tres tópicos: 1) Recordación de marca 2) Generar Ventas 3) Construir Lealtad. Es esencial enfocarse sólo en uno de estos puntos. En la medida que se conserve la consistencia y la simplicidad el éxito es mucho más probable.
CONOCE TUS RECURSOS
Define tus activos actuales (Website, blogs, canales de redes sociales, apps, etc), así como los activos potenciales que podrían añadir un valor agregado, averiguando su efectividad, ya sea si has tenido oportunidad de hacer iniciativas de marketing previas o analizando las campañas de tu competencia.
De igual forma, es muy importante conocer los recursos con los que cuentas tales como presupuesto, tiempo, personal y tecnología.
IDENTIFICA LA TECNOLOGÍA MÁS ADECUADA
Descubrir las herramientas más adecuadas es esencial para llegar a tu audiencia y aprovechar tus recursos de la mejor manera. Aunque podríamos platicar durante varias columnas de una gran cantidad de herramientas específicas, una manera fácil y práctica de guiarte en el proceso de identificación y selección de las tecnologías más adecuadas es preguntarle a tu comunidad. ¿Qué les gusta usar? ¿Cómo les gustaría comunicarse con tu organización?
Explícales de forma sencilla a dónde quieres llegar y pregúntales cual es el camino que más les gustaría tomar para llegar ahí. Aquí hay una lista básica de algunasherramientas.
ESTABLECE MEDICIÓN Y MONITOREO
Definitivamente, es esencial establecer métodos y herramientas de medición y monitoreo. Aquí se incluyen desde las cosas más evidentes que quieras saber, como el número de visitantes a tu sitio web, seguidores en Facebook o los suscriptores de correos electrónicos, pero también se incluyen las métricas basadas en la funcionalidad de las herramientas elegiste y cómo medirás su éxito.
La información que obtengas y analices de la interacción con tu audiencia contigo es muy valiosa. Ésta te permitirá evaluar el progreso, no sólo de la estrategia en sí, sino de todo el proceso.
Tomado prestado de Merca 2.0
Want to have the best workday ever? Day after day? It’s not as difficult as you think.
These 10 tweaks to your everyday behavior will virtually guarantee you a day that’s not just enjoyable but allows you to get more done than you ever thought possible.
1. Start with 15 minutes of positive input.
It’s easier to achieve and maintain a positive attitude if you have a “library” of positive thoughts in your head, so you can draw upon them if the day doesn’t go exactly as you’d prefer. Start each day by reading (or listening to) an inspirational book to ensure that you have just such a resource at hand.
2. Tie your work to your life’s goals.
Always remember that there’s a deeper reason why you go to work and why you chose your current role. Maybe it’s to support your family, to change the world in some way, to help your customers, to make a difference: Whatever the deeper motivation, remind yourself that this workday–today–is the opportunity to accomplish part of that deeper and more important goal.
3. Use your commute wisely.
Most people waste their commute time listening to the news or (worse, especially if they’re driving) making calls, texting, or answering emails. In fact, your commute time is the perfect time to get yourself pumped up for the day, and there’s no better way to do this than to listen to music that truly inspires you and gets you in the right mood. Don’t depend on a DJ: Make your own mixes!
4. Stick a smile on your face.
It’s likely, if you followed the first three steps, that you’ll already be smiling. If not, stick a smile on your face anyway.
It doesn’t matter if it feels fake: Research has shown that even the most forced of smiles genuinely reduces stress and makes you happier. Does this mean you should be grinning like the Joker in the Batman comics? Well, yes, if that’s the best you can do. But something a bit more relaxed might be less alarming to co-workers.
5. Express a positive mood.
When most people are asked social greetings–questions such as “How are you?” or “What’s up?”–they typically say something neutral (“I’m OK”) or negative, like “Hangin’ in there.” That kind of talk programs your brain for failure.
Instead, if anyone inquires, say something positive and enthusiastic, like: “Fantastic!” or “I’m having a wonderful day!” It’s true that there are some people whom this annoys–but these are people you should be avoiding anyway. (See No. 7, below.)
6. Do what’s important first.
Everybody complains about having too much to do, but few people do anything about it. As I explained in “The Surprising Secret of Time Management,” 20% of your activities are going to produce 80% of your results. So do that 20% first, before you get to the 80% of your activities that is mostly wasted time. You’ll get more done, and you’ll get better results.
7. Avoid negative people.
If you’ve been following Steps 1 through 6, you’ll probably find that the most negative people in your orbit will be avoiding you, while the positive people will want to hang out with you and help you. Though it’s true you can’t avoid all the Debbie Downers, you can certainly find something else to do when they start grousing about stuff they won’t or can’t change.
8. Don’t work long hours.
Long hours are simply a bad idea. For one thing, as I have pointed out before: Long hours, after a short burst of productivity, actually make you less productive. But frankly, if you’ve followed Steps 1 through 7, you’ll be getting so much done that you won’t need to work those long hours.
9. Wind down and relax.
Once you’re done with the workday, fill the remainder of your hours with nonwork-related activities that bring you joy and help you relax. The analogy of “recharge your batteries” is valid. Failing to take time to relax and stop thinking about work guarantees that you’ll begin the next day with a “hangover” of resentment that will leach the joy out of what can, and should be, a positive work experience. overconcentration.
10. End your day with 15 minutes of gratitude.
As I pointed out in “The True Secret of Success,” exercising your “gratitude muscle” is the best way to make certain that you experience more success. Before you go to sleep, get out a tablet (paper or electric), and record everything that happened during the day about which you are (or could be) grateful.
You’ll sleep better and be ready for tomorrow–which will probably be even more fabulous than today.
But What About …
Now, I know some of this can sound like a stretch. It may take a leap of faith to give this approach a try. But before you push back too much, let me answer some of the questions I sometimes hear.
- What if something really horrible happens during the day? You’ll be much better prepared to deal with challenges than if you were already halfway to miserable–which is how most people go through their workday.
- What if I simply have to deal with a negative person? Tune out the negativity. Learn to shrug it off. If the negativity becomes too much of a burden, start using the extra energy you’re producing to reorganize your team or (if the person is outside your company) find a different partner.
- What if I’m too depressed to do any of this? If that’s the case, you may need professional help. None of these tricks require more time and effort than making yourself miserable, however.
- Do these tricks really work? Yes.
Incluye un poco de la historia de Angry Birds…